Second Grade

Students at desk; boy with raised hand


The second grade ELA curriculum includes reading, writing, spelling, and all the necessary skills of phonics, English usage and the elements of proper printing and cursive handwriting.

Students read every day. Through the course of a year, they will read from fiction, non-fiction, fantasy, poetry, and plays. They will put on puppet shows, readers theater plays, and sing familiar songs and learn poetry.. The students will have free writing time to express themselves, write poems or reflect on a story. The pupils also write across the curriculum in math journals and their science journals.

During the fall, they write a Social Studies booklet about the type of community in which they would like to live. In the spring, they write a research paper about science. The second graders also record important events from the school year, such as field trips, special assemblies, and visitors in a Memory Journal. The pupils learn the beginnings of making presentations and publishing using their Chromebooks.


The two most important topics to be introduced and mastered in second grade are addition and subtraction facts through 18 and subtracting with regrouping. Other topics include money, data analysis, time, customary and metric measurement, geometric shapes, and equal shares.

The children work by themselves, with partners, and in groups to write and solve problems. The students use a variety of manipulatives to demonstrate how they could solve a problem. Pupils are encouraged to think in different ways to solve the same problem and write and explain their answers. The second graders use math journals and their Chromebooks to explore and gain further understanding. Math is used across the curriculum in science, social studies, and language arts.

Social Studies

Second Grade Social Studies covers the diverse areas of communities: urban, rural and suburban. Students visit a farm in the fall and learn about farm life and the growing of crops.

Students also learn about geography- continents, oceans and our country. History is also introduced through holidays such as Columbus Day and Thanksgiving Day. Students also briefly learn about the arrival of the Spanish, the Civil War, the growth of our country from sea to sea.

In a brief unit on economics they are introduced to the words needs and wants, goods and services and producers and consumers.

The students also learn about our government, American symbols, the Pledge of Allegiance, citizenship and during presidential election years, they participate in a voting experience.

Students also become aware of the world through the use of Scholastic Magazine. They are able to view videos and play games. They also use their computers to visit sites that will increase their exposure to the world and deepen their understanding of the areas of social studies.

All through the year the students are exposed to skills and ideas they will use across the curriculum; for example, using a compass rose, bar graphs, time lines, using maps and calendar.


Through the science curriculum the second graders are exposed to three different areas of science: Life Science, Earth Science and Physical Science. In Life Science the children learn about how plants, animals and people grow and change. The students explore habitats for plants and animals and how habitats change. In Earth Science the pupils learn about Earth’s resources, earth long ago, our solar system and weather. In Physical Science, the second graders observe and measure matter, learn about changes in matter, forces and motion and sound. The children use a science journal to record experiments, findings and observations. They see demonstrations of experiments and perform experiments and demonstrations to discover or prove a scientific principal.

World Language

In second grade, students continue with oral vocabulary acquisition using games and songs and move gradually towards writing and spelling some vocabulary and simple formulaic sentences.


Bible stories teach students about God and the life and death of Jesus. There is a focus on the Sacrament of Reconciliation through the introduction of decision making, examination of conscience, prayer, and the Ten Commandments.